As the world moves to digital, it is confronted with new kinds of threats. Cyber attacks from hackers from other countries and viruses that are spread across computers are examples. International cybersecurity jobs involve working to secure computer systems from electronic threats. These positions can be held at home, however they could also require trips to other offices or even overseas to respond to threats or conduct research.
Global cooperation is essential in order to tackle the multiple aspects of international cyber security. The threat is way too big for any one financial institution, government or tech company to tackle all by themselves. For example the COVID-19 epidemic has increased the number of cyberattacks on banks and other financial institutions. These attacks threaten the integrity of the global supply chain, and threaten the trust of the banking sector.
While cyberattacks targeting high-income nations receive the most attention, hackers are also taking advantage of weaker targets in middle- and low-income countries. As these countries move to digital financial services, like mobile money networks, they create a target-rich environment for hackers. In addition to this, more and more middle- and low-income nations are adopting biometrics, creating more opportunities for identity theft.
A major issue in international cyber security is determining what law of the international community applies to cyberspace. The issue of whether existing international law is applicable to cyberspace hasn’t been resolved, despite the fact that the majority of the states and international organisations that make up the Group of Eight (G8) confirm that it does.
The issue of whether or not core international legal regimes like sovereignty and non-interference should be applied to cyberspace has been controversial. Similarly, there is uncertainty about the application of the principle of proportionality should be applied to cyber-attacks.
To help address the challenges of international cyber security, DHS has spearheaded a number of diplomatic initiatives around the world over the past decade. The DHS also has supported high-level U.S. nation dialogues on cyberspace and has developed norms for responsible behavior by states. DHS also collaborates closely with host nations and embassy personnel regarding cybersecurity issues through its 86 international attaches and Department of State Liaison Offices all over the world.
International cybersecurity activities are also focused on the need to defend and promote human rights while fighting violent extremism. The CCIPS has published a variety of reports and documents to help achieve this goal, including annual reports, white papers and transcripts of congressional testimony. The CCIPS also hosts the Global Cyber Threat Intelligence Exchange that provides real-time, actionable threat information to industry players, network operators and other stakeholders from all over the globe. The CCIPS is a non-profit international organisation, tracks cyber-related threats and supports law enforcement and private sector agencies in preventing and investigating cybercrime and intellectual theft crimes. Please visit the CCIPS Documents https://internationalcybercenter.org/cyber-resilience-3 and Reports page to find more details.